Gross/Fine Motor

0 – 6 Months

  • Holds Objects

  • Takes toy to mouth

  • Holds toy/rattle for an extended period of time

  • Sits supported for short periods of time

  • Able to put weight on forearms while on belly

  • Reaches for objects

6 – 9 Months

  • Self-supporting while sitting

  • Takes feet to mouth

  • Takes hands to feet

  • Able to rotate upper body without moving lower body

  • Protective response when falling forward

  • Picks up small objects

  • Transfers objects from hand to hand

  • Drops a toy when given another

  • Goes from lying down to sitting

10 – 12 Months

  • Crawls well

  • Sits in variety of positions

  • Stands while holding on

  • Cruises around furniture turning slightly toward new direction

  • Points with index finger

  • Walks while holding someone‚Äôs hand

  • Holds small objects with thumb and finger

13 – 18 Months

  • Stacks 2-3 blocks

  • Throws and picks up objects

  • Likes to climb

  • Crawls up stairs on hands and knees

  • Walks independently

  • Imitates scribbling

  • Holds crayon with a fist

19 – 24 Months

  • Pushes a stroller

  • Runs

  • Squats

  • Jumps with both feet

  • Complete a 3 shape puzzle

  • Strings two or three large beads

  • Stacks 4-6 blocks

2 – 3 Years

  • Jumps over objects

  • Pulls pants on and off

  • Rides Tricycle

  • Swings and climbs

  • Can build blocks horizontally and vertically

  • Copies a circle and a cross

  • Snips and cuts paper

  • Can string small beads

4 – 5 Years

  • Skips/Gallops

  • Copies a square

  • Cuts out a circle and square

  • Grasps pencil between thumb and pad of index finger

  • Laces a string

  • Colors between straight lines

6 – 7 Years

  • Maintains balance and rhythm using opposite arm/leg movements

  • Skips 10 feet

  • Hops on one foot 20 feet without losing balance

  • Bounces and catches small ball

  • Can tie shoelaces independently

Self-help And Oral Motor

0 – 6 Months

  • Sucks well

  • Makes sucking sound

  • Tongue moves vertical and in/out

  • Opens mouth for feeding

  • Begins eating cereals, fruits and juices

6 – 9 Months

  • Jaws begin moving vertically (up/down)

  • Begins eating with fingers

  • Holds, bites and chews food

  • Lifts a cup with handles

  • Closure of the upper lip on a spoon

10 – 12 Months

  • Drinks okay from a cup

  • Enjoys some solids

  • Takes off shoes and socks

  • Stops drooling

  • Will cooperate while being dressed

13 – 18 Months

  • Full use of cup with no choking and few drips

  • Uses spoon independently

  • Chews most foods well

  • Moves around the house with adults

  • Gets into adult chair without help

  • Copies daily activities, such as combing hair

19 – 24 Months

  • Drinks from a straw

  • Controls lips when cup is removed from mouth

  • Uses spoon while feeding without excessive spilling

  • Indicates pants are wet and toilet needs

2 – 3 Years

  • Wipes hands and face

  • Selective when choosing toys

  • Recognizes names of family members

  • Ask for help with needs

  • Undresses/Dresses self with help for fasteners

  • Unbutton large buttons

  • Brushes teeth with horizontal and vertical motions

  • Puts on shoes

4 – 5 Years

  • Prints name without model

  • Laces shoes

  • Takes care of toileting needs

  • Dresses/Undresses independently

  • Combs/Brushes hair

  • Cuts easy food with knife

  • Can zip/button independently

6 – 7 Years

  • Ties shoes independently

  • Independent in bathing

  • Selects clothing for temperature and occasion

  • Uses bathroom before beginning an activity

  • Sets/Clears table without assistance